After vicissitudes, architecture is doomed to disappear in the long history. However, records in literature can still remain existing because of its immateriality. Arcadia (烏有園) is a fictitious garden in a Chinese article in Ming Dynasty. Owing to such recordation, the spirit of the garden is not going to disappear. Based on this perspective, the fundamental research of this seminar will start from comparing the classic monographs, Sakuteiki (作庭 記) from Japan, and The Craft of Gardens(園冶) from China. By doing so, we are going to research into the differences of Japanese and Chinese garden, in terms of designing techniques and their purpose (micro level), main character of spatial atmosphere (middle level) and their idea and possibility of expanding the concept of “garden” and comparing to other genre (macro level). Following the fundamental research,further research will be done to figure out the inspiration of humanistic spirit in garden to modern architecture, urban and rural construction, and even social system.
“History” is about how people today interpret the past. As people in 21th century, we are going to interpret the ancient style literature thousands of years ago, by translating both book into modern English artical. We intend to keep the gardening culture alive, through rebuilding it inwardly.







Aiming a laboratory located in space and time


The past exists, not existed. It affects our present times.

Based on traditional architectural history research, the laboratory has established a new learning branch, namely “Research on temporal aspects of architectural expression(Rekishi-Kogaku)”.

We have been studying how objects and happenings coexist in different times, and how to utilize them.

Specifically, we propose the preservation and use of historical buildings, analyze and evaluate the cities and settlements which have remained for 1000 years (collaborating with landscape architecture, folklore and other disciplines), study and translate European architectural documents in early 20th century, study archiving (c.f. Waseda architecture) and rearrange historical things in new categories.

Norihito Nakatani