After vicissitudes, architecture is doomed to disappear in the long history. However, records in literature can still remain existing because of its immateriality. Arcadia (烏有園) is a fictitious garden in a Chinese article in Ming Dynasty. Owing to such recordation, the spirit of the garden is not going to disappear. Based on this perspective, the fundamental research of this seminar will start from comparing the classic monographs, Sakuteiki (作庭 記) from Japan, and The Craft of Gardens(園冶) from China.